Indonesia.com - Serangan stroke dapat terjadi tiba-tiba, namun tanda-tandanya sebenarnya
dapat dideteksi. Para ahli mengatakan, semakin dini stroke dikenali dan diobati, maka semakin
besar kemungkinan untuk sembuh dan terhindar dari risiko kelumpuhan.
pada wajah, lengan, kaki di satu sisi tubuh, disertai kebingungan dan masalah berbicara merupakan
tanda-tanda seseorang mengalami stroke. Selain itu, ada pula tanda-tanda seperti pusing dan sakit
kepala parah, mengalami masalah berjalan, hilang penglihatan di satu atau kedua mata.
Kepala Divisi Stroke di NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical
Center mengatakan, ketika seseorang terkena stroke, mereka akan menunjukkan tanda-tanda perubahan
fisik yang dapat dikenali, ringan ataupun ekstrem.
beberapa tanda yang perlu diwaspadai :
1. Tiba-tiba mati rasa atau
lemah pada bagian wajah, lengan, atau kaki - terutama pada satu sisi tubuh.
Orang dengan stroke biasanya akan memiliki bentuk mulut "tidak rata" alias
mencong. Perlu diwaspadai juga apabila mereka (orang yang dicurigai stroke) mengalami kesulitan
menggerakkan lengan atau mengendalikan jari. Misalnya, ketika mengangkat kedua tangan, tangan
yang sebelah lebih tinggi dibandingkan tangan yang lain.
kebingungan dan kesulitan berbicara.
Masalah bahasa adalah salah satu
tanda-tanda yang paling umum dari stroke. Seseorang yang mengalami stroke tiba-tiba mungkin akan
mengalami masalah ketika mereka bicara. Bahkan, beberapa di antaranya juga mengalami penurunan
pemahaman. Mintalah dia (orang yang dicurigai stroke) untuk mengulangi kembali kalimat sederhana
kepada Anda, misalnya: "Saya pergi ke toko hari ini." Jika ia mengalami kesulitan
mengulangi kata-kata itu bisa jadi dia mengalami stroke.
Pengelihatan mendadak terganggu.
Gangguan pengelihatan yang datang
secara tiba-tiba merupakan gejala stroke yang umum. Mereka mungkin tidak akan mampu melihat
dengan jelas dengan satu mata, atau mungkin mengalami kesulitan untuk melihat ke kanan atau
4. Tiba-tiba kesulitan berjalan, kehilangan
keseimbangan atau koordinasi.
Berjalan seolah-olah mabuk,
tersandung, atau bahkan jatuh adalah semua gejala stroke. Tanda-tanda serupa lainnya seperti
berjalan dengan kaki terbuka lebar atau tiba-tiba kehilangan kemampuan motorik halus, seperti
ketidakmampuan untuk menulis juga patut diwaspadai.
5. Sakit kepala
parah tiba-tiba tanpa diketahui penyebabnya.
Gangguan sakit kepala tidak
selalu identik dengan gejala stroke. Tetapi, jika sakit kepala menyerang tiba-tiba atau tampak
sangat intens, patut untuk diwaspadai. Jika leher kaku, nyeri pada wajah, atau muntah yang
disertai sakit kepala bukan tidak mungkin akan menyebabkan terjadinya perdarahan intrakranial,
juga dikenal sebagai "stroke merah (red sroke)."
Pengobatan dini dapat mencegah
kerusakan yang lebih besar akibat stroke. Salah satu pengobatan umum stroke yaitu dengan
tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). Obat ini disuntikkan ke arteri atau vena yang kemudian
akan melarutkan sumbatan di pembuluh darah sehingga darah kembali mengalir ke otak.
Stroke merupakan penyakit pemicu kematian yang serius, namun sebenarnya dapat dicegah.
Perubahan gaya hidup perlu ditingkatkan guna mengurangi risiko stroke. Berikut beberapa perubahan
gaya hidup yang dapat dilakukan :
- Kurangi garam
Mengurangi konsumsi garam dapat menurunkan tekanan darah sehingga mengurangi risiko
- Konsumsi makanan sehat
kolesterol "jahat" dapat meningkatkan kesehatan jantung dan mengurangi risiko stroke.
Kadar kolesterol harus di bawah 200 mg/dL.
- Stop merokok
Perokok memiliki risiko stroke dua kali lipat. Merokok dapat merusak pembuluh
darah dan meningkatkan tekanan darah, serta mempercepat penyumbatan di pembuluh darah.
- Hidup aktif dan olahraga
Orang yang kelebihan
berat badan atau obesitas memiliki risiko yang lebih besar memiliki kadar kolesterol tinggi,
hipertensi, diabetes, dan stroke. Olahraga dapat mengurangi berat badan sehingga mengurangi
risiko penyakit-penyakit tersebut.
Meskipun telah mengubah gaya hidup, para
ahli mengatakan orang yang berusia di atas 55 tahun memiliki risiko yang lebih besar terkena
stroke. Selain itu, meskipun stroke lebih umum terjadi di kalangan kaum Adam, namun wanita pun
tak terlepas dari risikonya.
CARA CEPAT KENALI GEJALA STROKE
Sumber :Healthday News
Editor : Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.
Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.
Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.
“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.
In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.
The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.
Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”
Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.
Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.
Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.
Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.
“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.
While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.
When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.
By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.
Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.
“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.
“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote. Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate